• Deutsch
  • English

Johannes Grube and his family lived at Neuer Faulenhoop 22.

The house at Neuer Faulenhoop 22 in Lübeck-Karlshof; photograph: Heidemarie Kugler-Weiemann, 2008
The house at Neuer Faulenhoop 22 in Lübeck-Karlshof; photograph: Heidemarie Kugler-Weiemann, 2008

Johannes Hans Peter Grube was born on 14 September 1888 at Samkow Goldensee (Schönberg District, State of Mecklenburg).  On 1 February 1907 he was first registered in Lübeck, coming from Schlutup, which only became part of Lübeck in 1913. Until 1926 he and his wife Mathilde Henriette Anna, née Müller, moved several times with their children. Then they built a house in the urban settlement of Karlshof at Neuer Faulenhoop 22 and established their home there. The large garden offered enough space to grow fruit and vegetables, and maybe even large enough to also raise rabbits and chickens.

Johannes Grube worked as a scissors sharpener and as a cartwright. He was a member of the German Communist Party and was immediately arrested in 1933. After his release there were further searches of his house. In the quiet settlement you could clearly hear, when at dawn a car came and stopped in front of one of the neighbouring houses is how a neighbour’s son recalls as to what happened back then.

In 1935 Johannes Grube was arrested again and charged with planning to commit high treason (§ 80 Abs.2, 83 Abs.2+3, Ziffer 1+3 StGB) (German for Paragraph 80, section 2, paragraph 83 sections 2 and 3, sub-sections 1 and 3 of the penal code).  On 9 September 1936 the Hanseatische Oberlandesgericht (Higher Regional Court) sentenced him to five years in jail and five years loss of his rights and privileges as a citizen less ten months for time served in detention while awaiting trial.

Upon the completion of his prison term on 9 November 1940 he was transferred to the Polizeigefängnis Fuhlsbüttel/Hamburg (a detention centre) and on 30 November 1940 to Konzentrationslager (Concentration Camp) Sachsenhausen north of Berlin being taken into “preventive detention”. As prisoner No. 034385 Johannes Grube’s   cell was in prisoner block 04.

Under hitherto unknown circumstances he lost his life at Konzentrationslager Sachsenhausen on 21 January 1941.  


  • Arbeitskreis Geschichte der Lübecker Arbeiterbewegung, Lübeck - Eine andere Geschichte, Einblicke in Widerstand und Verfolgung in Lübeck 1933 - 1945, Lübeck 1986
  • Adressbücher und Meldekartei der Hansestadt Lübeck (Address and Registration Records of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck)
  • Gedenkstätte und Museum Sachsenhausen, Schreiben vom 17.4.2008
  • Elke Imberger, Widerstand "von unten", Widerstand und Dissens aus den Reihen der Arbeiterbewegung und der Zeugen Jehovas in Lübeck und Schleswig-Holstein 1933-1945, Neumünster 1991
  • Staatsarchiv der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg, Schreiben vom 8.5.2008 mit Kopie einer Gefangenenkarte
  • Marianne und Günther Wilke, Lübeck unterm Hakenkreuz, Wegweiser zu Stätten des Widerstandes und der Verfolgung in Lübeck 1933-1945, Lübeck  2006
  • Conversations with contemporaries of Johannes Grube

Heidemarie Kugler-Weiemann, 2008

Translation: Martin Harnisch and Glenn Sellick, 2010